Yukoners know to grow a variety of indoors and outdoors crops even for the poor conditions we are dealt with. A main skill is to build and maintain a functional soil or grow medium.
It composition needs to effectively convey the nutrients to the plants, keep a good water balance, and support beneficial microorganisms in their work ‒for instance the cycling of nutrients. Healthy soils also are porous, which allows the movement of air and water through them.
A step-wise soil-building and maintenance process can be as follows:
The type, proportion and quantity of soil, medium or amendment needed to optimize the conditions depend on your objective and the base conditions. For instance, composition can specifically be adjusted to grow tomatoes, cannabis or lettuce in a particular system (e.g. outdoors, indoors, hydroponic or not). Growing food and plants in our Yukon climate also requires special considerations.